Supply Chain as a Career
What is Supply Chain Management?
Supply Chain Management is the process of managing the Supply Chain or flow of goods. It includes the process of Planning, Organising, and Controlling the movement and storage of raw materials, work-in-process inventory, and finished goods from point of origin to point of consumption.
"SCM encompasses the planning and management of all activities involved in sourcing and procurement, conversion, and all Logistics Management activities. Importantly, it also includes coordination and collaboration with channel partners, which can be suppliers, intermediaries, third-party service providers, and customers. In essence, SCM integrates supply and demand management within and across companies"
In fact logistics constitutes main component of supply chain management which includes:
- Sourcing: finding the required items (such as raw materials) and making sure they’re the right quality; getting quotes from suppliers and making deals to keep costs as low as possible.
- Transportation: using the most efficient means to transport items from the supplier to the site where they’re needed.
- Storage: keeping items so that they’re accessible when needed. It’s more efficient to supply items ‘just in time’ – storing items for a short time requires less space.
- Production: creating the end product as efficiently as possible to meet demand on time and without leftovers. This may involve managing staff and/or equipment.
- Storage: storing the finished product until it can be distributed – again, it’s more efficient to hold stock for a short time.
- Distribution: transporting products to customers and clients in the most efficient manner.
Inbound logistics covers steps 1–3; outbound logistics involve steps 5–6. Retail logistics tends to involve steps 1, 2 and 3, although some retailers – particularly those involved in e-commerce and catalogue sales – also require distribution management. Logistics plays an increasing role in planning and design, as products and processes will be more efficient if the supply chain is considered from the start.
In a nutshell, logistics is getting things to the right place, at the right time, in the right condition and at the right price. It’s a complex job that requires planning, organisation, practicality and technical skill. If you’re a logical kind of person who enjoys keeping things running smoothly, it may be the perfect career for you.
Career Opportunities in Logistics and Supply Chain
- Spare parts Management
- Order Processing
- Inventory Management
- E-commerce and other allied industries.
Some of important job roles in logistics and SCM include:
- Supply Chain Analyst
- Supply Chain Consultant
- Customer Service Manager
- International Logistics Manager
- Inventory Control Manager
- Logistics Engineer
- Logistics Manager
- Logistics Services Salesperson
- Logistics Software Manager
- Materials Manager
- Production Manager
- Purchasing Manager
- Supply Chain Manager
- Systems Support Manager
- Transportation Manager
- Vendor Managed Inventory Coordinator
- Warehouse Operations Manager
- Warehouse Supervisor
- Warehouse Assistant
- Warehouse Operator
- Courier Picker, Packer and Delivery Agents
- Documentation Expert
- Custom House Agent
Instead of The above mentioned roles Logistics Sector Skill Council has identified around 60 different job roles which vary from entry level to the managerial Levels.